PompeiiinPictures

IX.1.20 Pompeii. House of M. Epidius Rufus or House of Diadumeni.

Linked to IX.1.30. Excavated 1858 and 1866. Bombed in 1943, restored by 1946.

 

Part 1      Part 2      Part 3      Part 4      Part 5      Plan

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii.    Entrance and podium on Via dell’Abbondanza, looking west.  Photographed 1970-79 by Günther Einhorn, picture courtesy of his son Ralf Einhorn.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. Entrance and podium on Via dell’Abbondanza, looking west.

Photographed 1970-79 by Günther Einhorn, picture courtesy of his son Ralf Einhorn.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. 1964. Looking west along entrance podium. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
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IX.1.20 Pompeii. 1964. Looking west along entrance podium. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J64f1063

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. 1959. Entrance and podium on Via dell’Abbondanza, looking west. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
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IX.1.20 Pompeii. 1959. Entrance and podium on Via dell’Abbondanza, looking west. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J59f0342

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2018. Looking north towards entrance doorway. Photo courtesy of Aude Durand.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2018. Looking north towards entrance doorway. Photo courtesy of Aude Durand.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. November 2016. Looking towards entrance doorway. Photo courtesy of Marie Schulze.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. November 2016. Looking towards entrance doorway. Photo courtesy of Marie Schulze.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii.  September 2004.  Entrance and podium.
For graffiti found on the wall between IX.1.19 and IX.1.20, see IX.1.19

IX.1.20 Pompeii. September 2004. Entrance and podium. For graffiti found on the wall between IX.1.19 and IX.1.20, see IX.1.19

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. Stereoview by R. Rive, c.1860 -1870s, showing painted graffiti on pilaster between IX.1.19 and IX.1.20, together with decorated front façade before 1943 bombing.
Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.
According to CIL IV, the painted recommendation, found in March 1858, was

M. EPIDIVM
SABINVM
II VIR IVR DIC O V F DIGNVM  IVVENEM
SVEDIVS  CLEMENS  SANCTISSIMVS
IVDEX  FACIT  VICINIS  ROGANTIBVS

According to Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss/Slaby (See www.manfredclauss.de) this expands to

M(arcum) Epidium
Sabinum
IIvir(um) iur(e) dic(undo) o(ro) v(os) f(aciatis) dignum iuvenem
Suedius Clemens sanctissimus
iudex facit vicinis rogantibus      [CIL IV 1059]

According to Cooley, this translates as
We beg you to elect Marcus Epidius Sabinus duumvir with judicial power,
a worthy young man. Suedius Clemens, most venerable judge, elects him at
the request of his neighbours.
See Cooley, A. and M.G.L., 2004. Pompeii: A Sourcebook. London: Routledge, p. 136, F114.

IX.1.20 Pompeii.

Stereoview by R. Rive, c.1860 -1870s, showing painted graffiti on pilaster between IX.1.19 and IX.1.20, together with decorated front façade before 1943 bombing.  Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

According to CIL IV, the painted recommendation, found in March 1858, was

 

M. EPIDIVM

SABINVM

II VIR IVR DIC O V F DIGNVM IVVENEM

SVEDIVS CLEMENS SANCTISSIMVS

IVDEX FACIT VICINIS ROGANTIBVS

 

According to Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss/Slaby (See www.manfredclauss.de) this expands to

 

M(arcum) Epidium

Sabinum

IIvir(um) iur(e) dic(undo) o(ro) v(os) f(aciatis) dignum iuvenem

Suedius Clemens sanctissimus

iudex facit vicinis rogantibus      [CIL IV 1059]

 

According to Cooley, this translates as

We beg you to elect Marcus Epidius Sabinus duumvir with judicial power,

a worthy young man. Suedius Clemens, most venerable judge, elects him at

the request of his neighbours.

See Cooley, A. and M.G.L., 2004. Pompeii: A Sourcebook. London: Routledge, p. 136, F114.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii, in centre. 1896. Watercolour by Luigi Bazzani showing graffiti on pilaster on west side of entrance doorway.  
Looking east along north side of Via dell’Abbondanza.
Photo © Victoria and Albert Museum. Inventory number 1428-1901.

IX.1.20 Pompeii, in centre. 1896. Watercolour by Luigi Bazzani showing graffiti on pilaster on west side of entrance doorway.  

Looking east along north side of Via dell’Abbondanza.

Photo © Victoria and Albert Museum. Inventory number 1428-1901.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii, Undated watercolour, view showing the footway in front of the 'House of Epidius Rufus' and the 'House of Epidius Sabinus' at Pompeii 
Looking east along north side of “unexcavated” Via dell’Abbondanza.
Photo © Victoria and Albert Museum. Inventory number 2051-1900.

IX.1.20 Pompeii, Undated watercolour, view showing the footway in front of the 'House of Epidius Rufus' and the 'House of Epidius Sabinus' at Pompeii

Looking east along north side of “unexcavated” Via dell’Abbondanza.

Photo © Victoria and Albert Museum. Inventory number 2051-1900.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii, Undated watercolour by Luigi Bazzani.
Looking north to steps at west end of podium at entrance. 
Photo © Victoria and Albert Museum. Inventory number 2050-1900.

IX.1.20 Pompeii, Undated watercolour by Luigi Bazzani.

Looking north to steps at west end of podium at entrance.

Photo © Victoria and Albert Museum. Inventory number 2050-1900.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. February 2021. House capital from the entrance. Photographed in Antiquarium, Pompeii.
Photo courtesy of Fabien Bièvre-Perrin (CC BY-NC-SA).

IX.1.20 Pompeii. February 2021. House capital from the entrance. Photographed in Antiquarium, Pompeii.

Photo courtesy of Fabien Bièvre-Perrin (CC BY-NC-SA).

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. February 2021. House capital from the entrance. Photographed in Antiquarium, Pompeii.
Photo courtesy of Fabien Bièvre-Perrin (CC BY-NC-SA).

IX.1.20 Pompeii. February 2021. House capital from the entrance. Photographed in Antiquarium, Pompeii.

Photo courtesy of Fabien Bièvre-Perrin (CC BY-NC-SA).

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. House capitals being stored in Temple of Mercury.
Old undated photograph courtesy of the Society of Antiquaries, Fox Collection.
The upper capital was found in the House of the Faun.
The lower capital is from the entrance here at IX.1.20.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. House capitals being stored in Temple of Mercury.

Old undated photograph courtesy of the Society of Antiquaries, Fox Collection.

The upper capital was found in the House of the Faun.

The lower capital is from the entrance here at IX.1.20.

According to Warscher, the upper capital was found here at IX.1.20.

The lower capital is from the entrance in the House of the Faun.

See Warscher, T. Codex Topographicus Pompeianus, IX.1. (1943), Swedish Institute, Rome. (no.74).

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2006. Capital with attributes of Dionysus, from the entrance. Photo taken in storage in VII.7.29.
See Gallo, A., 2006, in Polis. Studi interdisciplinari sul mondo antico, Volume 2.  Roma: L’Erma. (p. 181, fig.16)

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2006. Capital with attributes of Dionysus, from the entrance. Photo taken in storage in VII.7.29.

See Gallo, A., 2006, in Polis. Studi interdisciplinari sul mondo antico, Volume 2.  Roma: L’Erma. (p. 181, fig.16).

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2006. Capital with attributes of Dionysus, from the entrance. Photo taken in storage in VII.7.29.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2006. Capital with attributes of Dionysus, from the entrance. Photo taken in storage in VII.7.29.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2018. Looking east along north side of Via dell’Abbondanza. Photo courtesy of Aude Durand.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2018. Looking east along north side of Via dell’Abbondanza. Photo courtesy of Aude Durand.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. October 2017. Looking east towards podium outside front street façade.
Foto Taylor Lauritsen, ERC Grant 681269 DÉCOR.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. October 2017. Looking east towards podium outside front street façade.

Foto Taylor Lauritsen, ERC Grant 681269 DÉCOR.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii.  December 2006.  Podium looking east along Via dell’ Abbondanza.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2006. Podium looking east along Via dell’ Abbondanza.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. W.332. Looking east along podium towards entrance doorway on Via dell’Abbondanza.
Photo by Tatiana Warscher. Photo © Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Abteilung Rom, Arkiv.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. W.332. Looking east along podium towards entrance doorway on Via dell’Abbondanza.

Photo by Tatiana Warscher. Photo © Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Abteilung Rom, Arkiv.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. October 2017. Looking west along podium outside front street façade.
Foto Taylor Lauritsen, ERC Grant 681269 DÉCOR.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. October 2017. Looking west along podium outside front street façade.

Foto Taylor Lauritsen, ERC Grant 681269 DÉCOR.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii.  December 2006.  Podium looking west along Via dell’ Abbondanza.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2006. Podium looking west along Via dell’ Abbondanza.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. October 2017. Detail from model in Naples Archaeological Museum.
Looking west along podium on north side of Via dell’Abbondanza, outside painted front street façade.
Foto Taylor Lauritsen, ERC Grant 681269 DÉCOR.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. October 2017. Detail from model in Naples Archaeological Museum.

Looking west along podium on north side of Via dell’Abbondanza, outside painted front street façade.

Foto Taylor Lauritsen, ERC Grant 681269 DÉCOR.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii.  December 2007.  Room 1.  Small lobby on east side of the fauces.  A small door allowed entry when the house door was closed and which made an alcove when it was opened.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2007. Room 1, small lobby on east side of the fauces.

A small door allowed entry when the house door was closed, and which made an alcove when it was opened.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. Pre-1943. Drawing and photo by Tatiana Warscher.
According to Warscher – “The grand door (1) was behind the pilasters (2), a passage (3-4), hidden behind the wall to the right, permitted entry into the house by a small door (5) without having to open the main door. 
This passage was closed on the road side by a small door, of which some ironwork could still be seen.” 
See Warscher, T. Codex Topographicus Pompeianus, IX.1. (1943), Swedish Institute, Rome. (no.72a), p. 132.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. Pre-1943. Drawing and photo by Tatiana Warscher.

According to Warscher – “The grand door (1) was behind the pilasters (2), a passage (3-4), hidden behind the wall to the right, permitted entry into the house by a small door (5) without having to open the main door.

This passage was closed on the roadside by a small door, of which some ironwork could still be seen.”

See Warscher, T. Codex Topographicus Pompeianus, IX.1. (1943), Swedish Institute, Rome. (no.72a), p. 132.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii.  December 2007.  Marble sill at entrance.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2007. Marble sill at entrance doorway.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. August 2021. Room 2, looking north across atrium. Photo courtesy of Robert Hanson.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. August 2021. Room 2, looking north across atrium. Photo courtesy of Robert Hanson.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. April 2018. Room 2, atrium, with 16 Doric tufa columns around impluvium, rim and basin floor. 
Photo courtesy of Ian Lycett-King. Use is subject to Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License v.4 International.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. April 2018. Room 2, atrium, with 16 Doric tufa columns around impluvium, rim and basin floor.

Photo courtesy of Ian Lycett-King. Use is subject to Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License v.4 International.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. April 2014. Room 2, atrium, with 16 tufa columns around impluvium, rim and basin floor. Looking north.
Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. April 2014. Room 2, atrium, with 16 tufa columns around impluvium, rim and basin floor. Looking north.

Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2007. Room 2, atrium. Tufa columns, impluvium, rim and basin floor. Atrium with 16 Doric columns around impluvium.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2007. Room 2, atrium. Tufa columns, impluvium, rim and basin floor. Atrium with 16 Doric columns around impluvium.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. c.1943-6. Room 2, atrium. Bomb damage.
According to Garcia y Garcia, this house was one of the most savagely damaged during one of the allied air raids in September 1943.
The great Corinthian atrium, hit in its centre in the middle of the impluvium, was completely annihilated, with the destruction of the impluvium and the cutting down of the sixteen tufa Doric columns.
The bombing also caused the demolition of the façade wall towards the Via dell’Abbondanza, including the fauces and the neighbouring rooms.
With the immediate restoration and by saving every little snippet, the columns were reconstructed, but it was only possible to restore a fraction of the facade.
See Garcia y Garcia, L., 2006. Danni di guerra a Pompei. Rome: L’Erma di Bretschneider. (p.149-50)
Photo courtesy of British School at Rome Digital Collections.
See Photo details at BSR

IX.1.20 Pompeii. c.1943-6. Room 2, atrium. Bomb damage.

According to Garcia y Garcia, this house was one of the most savagely damaged during one of the allied air raids in September 1943.

The great Corinthian atrium, hit in its centre in the middle of the impluvium, was completely annihilated, with the destruction of the impluvium and the cutting down of the sixteen tufa Doric columns.

The bombing also caused the demolition of the façade wall towards the Via dell’Abbondanza, including the fauces and the neighbouring rooms.

With the immediate restoration and by saving every little snippet, the columns were reconstructed, but it was only possible to restore a fraction of the facade.

See Garcia y Garcia, L., 2006. Danni di guerra a Pompei. Rome: L’Erma di Bretschneider. (p.149-50)

Photo courtesy of British School at Rome Digital Collections.

See Photo details at BSR

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii.  Atrium from entrance.  Photographed 1970-79 by Günther Einhorn, picture courtesy of his son Ralf Einhorn.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. Atrium from entrance. 

Photographed 1970-79 by Günther Einhorn, picture courtesy of his son Ralf Einhorn.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii, 7th August 1976. Looking north across columns in atrium.
Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer, from Dr George Fay’s slides collection.

IX.1.20 Pompeii, 7th August 1976. Looking north across columns in atrium.

Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer, from Dr George Fay’s slides collection.

 

IX.1.20Pompeii. 1966. Room 2, looking north across impluvium.  Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
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IX.1.20 Pompeii. 1966. Room 2, looking north across impluvium. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0466

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. 1966. Room 2, looking north across atrium. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0296

IX.1.20 Pompeii. 1966. Room 2, looking north across atrium. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0296

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. 1957. Looking north across impluvium in atrium. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J57f0102

IX.1.20 Pompeii. 1957. Looking north across impluvium in atrium. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J57f0102

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. 1940. Looking north into atrium. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. 1940. Looking north into atrium. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. W.333. Looking north across atrium.
Photo by Tatiana Warscher. Photo © Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Abteilung Rom, Arkiv.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. W.333. Looking north across atrium.

Photo by Tatiana Warscher. Photo © Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Abteilung Rom, Arkiv.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. Album by M. Amodio, c.1880, entitled “Pompei, destroyed on 23 November 79, discovered in 1748”.
Looking north across atrium. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. Album by M. Amodio, c.1880, entitled “Pompei, destroyed on 23 November 79, discovered in 1748”.

Looking north across atrium. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. Old undated photograph by Amodio, numbered 2999 in an album dated c.1873. Looking north across atrium. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

IX.1.20 Pompeii.

Old undated photograph by Amodio, numbered 2999 in an album dated c.1873. Looking north across atrium. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. Pre-1943. Photo by Tatiana Warscher.
Room 2, atrium, looking east across atrium towards doorway to (our) room 5, Warscher wrote that “only a small part of the epistyle remained.” 
See Warscher, T. Codex Topographicus Pompeianus, IX.1. (1943), Swedish Institute, Rome. (no.81), p. 151.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. Pre-1943. Photo by Tatiana Warscher.

Room 2, atrium, looking east across atrium towards doorway to (our) room 5, Warscher wrote that “only a small part of the epistyle remained.”

See Warscher, T. Codex Topographicus Pompeianus, IX.1. (1943), Swedish Institute, Rome. (no.81), p. 151.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. April 2014. Room 2, atrium, looking towards doorways to rooms on east side. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. April 2014. Room 2, atrium, looking towards doorways to rooms on east side. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii.  December 2006.  Atrium and rooms 5 and 6 on east side.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2006. Atrium and rooms 5 and 6 on east side.

 

XI.1.20 Pompeii, 4th December 1971. Looking towards east side of atrium. 
Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer, from Dr George Fay’s slides collection.

XI.1.20 Pompeii, 4th December 1971. Looking towards east side of atrium.

Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer, from Dr George Fay’s slides collection.

 

XI.1.20 Pompeii. Pre-1943. Room 2, atrium, looking north along east side. Photo by Tatiana Warscher.
See Warscher, T. Codex Topographicus Pompeianus, IX.1. (1943), Swedish Institute, Rome. (no.79), p. 147.

XI.1.20 Pompeii. Pre-1943. Room 2, atrium, looking north along east side. Photo by Tatiana Warscher.

See Warscher, T. Codex Topographicus Pompeianus, IX.1. (1943), Swedish Institute, Rome. (no.79), p. 147.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. April 2014. Room 2, atrium and doorways to rooms on west side. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.
According to Dwyer, Fiorelli unsuccessfully tried to cast a victim here on 2nd March 1866.
He wrote –
“The bones of a human skeleton were uncovered in the corridor located between the second and third cubicula on the left of the atrium of the above-mentioned house, at the height of about one metre above the ground in the stratum of the compacted material, for which reason liquid gesso was introduced into the cavity that the body had left in the earth in order to recover the impression.”
On 3rd March he wrote –
“The skeleton uncovered yesterday did not yield a true impression because the earth had adhered to the bones in such a way that no cavity remained, and thus the gesso that was introduced was not able to set properly.”
See Dwyer, E., 2010. Pompeii’s Living Statues. Ann Arbor: Univ of Michigan Press, (p.79).

IX.1.20 Pompeii. April 2014. Room 2, atrium and doorways to rooms on west side. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

According to Dwyer, Fiorelli unsuccessfully tried to cast a victim here on 2nd March 1866.

He wrote –

“The bones of a human skeleton were uncovered in the corridor located between the second and third cubicula on the left of the atrium of the above-mentioned house, at the height of about one metre above the ground in the stratum of the compacted material, for which reason liquid gesso was introduced into the cavity that the body had left in the earth in order to recover the impression.”

On 3rd March he wrote –

“The skeleton uncovered yesterday did not yield a true impression because the earth had adhered to the bones in such a way that no cavity remained, and thus the gesso that was introduced was not able to set properly.”

See Dwyer, E., 2010. Pompeii’s Living Statues. Ann Arbor: Univ. of Michigan Press, (p.79).

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii.  December 2004.  Room 2.  Atrium and rooms on west side.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2004. Room 2, atrium and rooms on west side.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. Pre-1943. Room 2, atrium, looking north along west side. Photo by Tatiana Warscher.
See Warscher, T. Codex Topographicus Pompeianus, IX.1. (1943), Swedish Institute, Rome. (no.78), p. 147.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. Pre-1943. Room 2, atrium, looking north along west side. Photo by Tatiana Warscher.

See Warscher, T. Codex Topographicus Pompeianus, IX.1. (1943), Swedish Institute, Rome. (no.78), p. 147.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2007. Room 2, atrium. Looking south-east across impluvium towards doorway to room 3, centre right.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2007. Room 2, atrium. Looking south-east across impluvium towards doorway to room 3, centre right.

 

 

Part 2      Part 3      Part 4      Part 5      Plan

 

 

 

 

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Ultimo aggiornamento - Last updated: 28-May-2022 19:25