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VII.4.1 Pompeii. Tempio della Fortuna Augusta. Temple of Fortuna Augusta.

Excavated 1823, 1826 and 1859. Restored 1908.

 

Part 1      Part 2

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. Drawing with watercolours, by Antonio Bonucci, of plan of Temple.
He wrote that the parts painted pink indicated -
“the missing parts but conjectured as existing in its first construction by the capitals of the columns and pilasters and by several marble entablatures found in the same place.”
Under the plan, he wrote –
A. Base, on which was a pedestal which supported some statue placed between two travertine steps.
B. Terrace.
C. Other grander steps found entirely ruined.
D. Vestibule, where a Corinthian Peristyle would have existed.
E. Door, which introduced into the Sanctuary of the Temple.
F. Temple.
G. 4 niches in which some statues would have been placed.
H. Altar, where the statue of the Divinity would have been placed, to whom the Temple was dedicated. 
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number ADS 570.
Photo © ICCD. http://www.catalogo.beniculturali.it
Utilizzabili alle condizioni della licenza Attribuzione - Non commerciale - Condividi allo stesso modo 2.5 Italia (CC BY-NC-SA 2.5 IT)

VII.4.1 Pompeii. 1811 drawing with watercolours, by Antonio Bonucci, of plan of Temple.

He wrote that "The parts tinted red indicated the missing parts of this temple but that can be conjectured as existing in its first construction from the capitals of the columns and pilasters and from several marble cornices found in it.”

Under the plan, he wrote –

 

A.   Base, on which was a pedestal which supported some statue placed between two sets of travertine steps.

B.   Terrace.

C.   Other grander steps found entirely ruined.

D.  Vestibule, where a Corinthian Peristyle would have existed.

E.   Door, which introduced into the Sanctuary of the Temple.

F.   Temple Sanctuary.

G.  4 niches in which some statues would have been placed.

H.  Altar, where the statue of the Divinity would have been placed, to whom the Temple was dedicated.

 

Ha scritto che "La tinta rossa indica le parti di esso Tempio mancanti, ma che congetturasi esistenti nella sua primiera costruzione da capitelli di colonne, e pilastri e da diversi cornicioni di marmo rinvenuti nel luogo medesimo".

Sotto il piano, ha scritto –

 

A. Basamento su di cui esiste un piedistallo per sostenere qualche Statua posta tra due gradinate di travertino.

B. Ripiano.

C. Altra gradinata più grandiosa trovata intieramente diruta.

D. Vestibulo dove esister dovea un Peristilio Corintio.

E. Porta che introduce nel Santuario del Tempio.

F. Santuario del Tempio.

G. Quattro nicchie nelle quali esser dovevano delle Statue.

H. Altare dove situata forse veniva la Statua della Divinità alla quale veniva dedicato il Tempio.

 

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number ADS 570.

Photo © ICCD. https://www.catalogo.beniculturali.it/

Utilizzabili alle condizioni della licenza Attribuzione - Non commerciale - Condividi allo stesso modo 2.5 Italia (CC BY-NC-SA 2.5 IT)

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. 1854. Niccolini plan by L. Schioppa of Temple and architectural details.
According to Niccolini the numbers show:
1:   Two sets of four steps giving access to a marble covered podium with iron railings and two gates
2:   Statue base or altar consecrated to offerings with wide staircase behind
3:   Pronaos or portico surrounded by eight columns and four beautiful pillars,
4:   Temple cella with four niches
5:   Aedicula where the statue of Fortuna once stood, with marble inscription (25) on the front
6:   Via del Foro portico
7:   Pillar of lava with inscription 
      M. TVLLII. M. F
      AREA. PRIVATE
8:   Access to 9, 10 and 11, rooms used by ministers of temple?
9:   Room used by ministers of temple?
10: Room with flanking staircase, used by ministers of temple?
11: Room used by ministers of temple?
12: Casa di Bacco
13: Via della Fortuna and paving
14: Surrounding buildings on the other side of Via della Fortuna [VI.10]
15: One of the two capitals in the cella that supported the pediment of the aedicule of Fortuna
16: One of 3 identical capitals found that surmounted the pillars around the 4 niches
17: Base of capital 16
18: Capital that surmounted the fluted column of the pronaos
19: Cross section of external corner of the façade of the cella, pillars made of a single piece of marble 
20: External frame of the temple
21: External architrave or lintel
22: Pediment of the aedicule above lintel 25
23: Cornice fragment, location unknown
24: Internal architrave or lintel
25: Marble lintel with dedication inscription

See Niccolini F, 1854. Le case ed i monumenti di Pompei: Volume Primo. Napoli, Tempio della Fortuna, Tav. I, pp. 1-8.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. 1854. Niccolini plan by L. Schioppa of Temple and architectural details.

According to Niccolini the numbers show:

1:   Two sets of four steps giving access to a marble covered podium with iron railings and two gates

2:   Statue base or altar consecrated to offerings with wide staircase behind

3:   Pronaos or portico surrounded by eight columns and four beautiful pillars,

4:   Temple cella with four niches

5:   Aedicula where the statue of Fortuna once stood, with marble inscription (25) on the front

6:   Via del Foro portico

7:   Pillar of lava with inscription

      M. TVLLII. M. F
      AREA. PRIVATE

8:   Access to 9, 10 and 11, rooms used by ministers of temple?

9:   Room used by ministers of temple?

10: Room with flanking staircase, used by ministers of temple?

11: Room used by ministers of temple?

12: Casa di Bacco

13: Via della Fortuna and the sidewalk came from the ancient works of crushed and well-polished gravel

14: Surrounding buildings on the other side of Via della Fortuna [VI.10]

15: One of the two capitals in the cella that supported the pediment of the aedicule of Fortuna

16: One of 3 identical capitals found that surmounted the pillars around the 4 niches

17: Base of capital 16

18: Capital that surmounted the fluted column of the pronaos

19: Cross section of external corner of the façade of the cella, pillars made of a single piece of marble

20: External frame of the temple

21: External architrave or lintel

22: Pediment of the aedicule above lintel 25

23: Cornice fragment, location unknown

24: Internal architrave or lintel

25: Marble lintel with dedication inscription

 

See Niccolini F, 1854. Le case ed i monumenti di Pompei: Volume Primo. Napoli, Tempio della Fortuna, Tav. I, pp. 1-8.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii, on left. September 2005. Via del Foro, looking south along portico and Casa di Bacco. VII.5 on right.

VII.4.1 Pompeii, on left. September 2005. Via del Foro, looking south along portico and Casa di Bacco. VII.5 on right.

 

VII.4.1, Pompeii. April 2019. Looking east towards the Temple. 
According to Niccolini, the front platform of the temple would have had iron railings with gates at the altar end of each set of steps.
See Niccolini F, 1854. Le case ed i monumenti di Pompei: Volume Primo. Napoli, Tempio della Fortuna, Tav. I, p. 2.
Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

VII.4.1, Pompeii. April 2019. Looking east towards the Temple.

According to Niccolini, the front platform of the temple would have had iron railings with gates at the altar end of each set of steps.

See Niccolini F, 1854. Le case ed i monumenti di Pompei: Volume Primo. Napoli, Tempio della Fortuna, Tav. I, p. 2.

Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

According to Nicola Pagano –

“Il prospetto del tempio offre una bella scala di marmo bianco, dopo la quale si elevavano quattro colonne, essendosene rinvenuti i soli capitelli.

La cella era coperta da tetto, e le mure erano rivestite di marmo. Vi si rinvenne una iscrizione frammentata colle parole:-

 

"The prospect of the temple offers a beautiful white marble staircase, above which four columns would have risen, but only the four capitals have been found. The cella was covered by a roof, and the walls were covered with marble. Here was found a fragmented inscription with the words:

 

Auguṣto Caesari
p̣arenti patriae

Auguṣto Caesari
p̣arenti patriae

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. Dedicatory inscription to Augustus Caesar.
[Augu]sto  Caesari
[...]  parenti  patriae     [CIL X 823]   

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 3810.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. Dedicatory inscription to Augustus Caesar.

According to Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss/Slaby (See www.manfredclauss.de) this read

 

[Augu]ṣto Caesari
[Divi f(ilio)], p̣arenti patriae     [CIL X 823]  

 

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 3810.

 

Nel fondo era una nicchia innanzi alla quale era un’ara. Il santuario era fiancheggiato da due statue, che furono trovate cadute sul pavimento. La nicchia era sormontata da un frotespizio di marmo, che ora osservasi sul pavimento, in fronte al quale leggesi la seguente iscrizione:

 

At the rear was a niche with an altar in front of it. The shrine was flanked by two statues, which were found fallen on the floor. The niche was topped with a marble frontespiece, which now can be observed on the floor, in front of which the following inscription could be read -

 

M TVLLIVS  M  F  D V I D TER QVINQ AVGVR TR MIL
A  POP AEDEM FORTVNAE AVGVST SOLO ET PEQ SVA

Marco Tullio figlio di Marco, tre volte Duumviro per amministrar la giustizia, augure e tribuno dei soldati eletto dal popolo, elevo dalle fondamenta e a proprie spese il Tempio della Fortuna Augusta.

Marcus Tullius son of Marcus, three times Duumvir to administer justice, augur and tribune of the soldiers elected by the people, raised from the foundations and at his own expense the Temple of Fortuna Augusta.

M TVLLIVS  M  F  D V I D TER QVINQ AVGVR TR MIL

A  POP AEDEM FORTVNAE AVGVST SOLO ET PEQ SVA

 

Marco Tullio figlio di Marco, tre volte Duumviro per amministrar la giustizia, augure e tribuno dei soldati eletto dal popolo, elevo dalle fondamenta e a proprie spese il Tempio della Fortuna Augusta.

 

Marcus Tullius son of Marcus, three times Duumvir to administer justice, augur and tribune of the soldiers elected by the people, raised from the foundations and at his own expense the Temple of Fortuna Augusta.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. Dedicatory inscription on the architrave in the temple.
According to Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss/Slaby (See www.manfredclauss.de) this reads

M(arcus) Tullius  M(arci)  f(ilius)  d(uum)v(ir)  i(ure)  d(icundo) ter(tium)  quinq(uennalis)  augur  tr(ibunus)  mil(itum)
a  pop(ulo)  aedem  Fortunae  August(ae) solo  et  peq(unia!)  sua       [CIL X 820]  

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum, inventory number MN 3853.

Nel mezzo della scalinata elevasi un’altr’ara per le offerte pubbliche, innanzi alla quale sono alcuni perni di ferro, che facevano parte di un cancello.”

In the middle of the staircase stood another altar for public offerings, before which are some iron pins, which were part of a gate.”

See Pagano, N. (1868). Guida di Pompei, 2nd ed. (p.46)

VII.4.1 Pompeii. Dedicatory inscription on the architrave in the temple.

According to Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss/Slaby (See www.manfredclauss.de) this reads

 

M(arcus) Tullius  M(arci)  f(ilius)  d(uum)v(ir)  i(ure)  d(icundo) ter(tium)  quinq(uennalis)  augur  tr(ibunus)  mil(itum)

a  pop(ulo)  aedem  Fortunae  August(ae) solo  et  peq(unia!)  sua       [CIL X 820] 

 

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum, inventory number MN 3853.

 

Nel mezzo della scalinata elevasi un’altr’ara per le offerte pubbliche, innanzi alla quale sono alcuni perni di ferro, che facevano parte di un cancello.”

 

In the middle of the staircase stood another altar for public offerings, before which are some iron pins, which were part of a gate.”

 

See Pagano, N. (1868). Guida di Pompei, 2nd ed. (p.46)

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2017. Looking north-east on Via del Foro. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2017. Looking north-east on Via del Foro. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. Watercolour by Luigi Bazzani, looking north-east towards Temple of Fortuna Augusta on Via del Foro.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. Watercolour by Luigi Bazzani, looking north-east towards Temple of Fortuna Augusta on Via del Foro.

 

231679 Bestand-D-DAI-ROM-W.367.jpg
VII.4.1 Pompeii. W.367. Drawing of Temple of Fortuna Augusta.
See Gell, W, 1832.  Pompeiana: Vol 1.  London: Jennings and Chaplin.  (p.70, pl.XX)
Photo by Tatiana Warscher. With kind permission of DAI Rome, whose copyright it remains.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. W.367. Drawing of Temple of Fortuna Augusta.

See Gell, W, 1832. Pompeiana: Vol 1. London: Jennings and Chaplin. (p.70, pl. XX)

Photo by Tatiana Warscher. Photo © Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Abteilung Rom, Arkiv.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. April 2019. Looking east along an empty Via della Fortuna with the Temple on the right.
Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. April 2019. Looking east along an empty Via della Fortuna with the Temple on the right.

Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. July 2011. Looking east along Via della Fortuna showing the Temple on the right. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. July 2011. Looking east along Via della Fortuna showing the Temple on the right.

Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2015. Looking south-east along north wall of temple.
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2015. Looking south-east along north wall of temple. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. July 2011. Looking south-east from crossroads towards entrances.
Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. July 2011. Looking south-east from crossroads towards entrances. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. 1968. Looking south-east from crossroads towards entrances. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J68f0370

VII.4.1 Pompeii. 1968. Looking south-east from crossroads towards entrances. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J68f0370

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. About 1909, looking east towards crossroads outside entrance. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. About 1909, looking east towards crossroads outside entrance. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. 19th century photo by G. Sommer. Looking east towards crossroads outside entrance.
Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. 19th century photo by G. Sommer. Looking east towards crossroads outside entrance.

Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. Undated photograph by Amodio, numbered 3016, from an album dated c.1873. Looking east. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. Undated photograph by Amodio, numbered 3016, from an album dated c.1873. Looking east.

Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. 19th century photo by G. Sommer. Looking east across crossroads to temple.
Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. 19th century photo by G. Sommer. Looking east across crossroads to temple.

Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. Between 1867 and 1874, looking east towards crossroads outside entrance.
Photo by Sommer and Behles. Photo courtesy of Charles Marty.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. Between 1867 and 1874, looking east towards crossroads outside entrance.

Photo by Sommer and Behles. Photo courtesy of Charles Marty.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. Undated photograph by Mauri, numbered 011. Looking east to temple. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. Undated photograph by Mauri, numbered 011. Looking east to temple. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. April 2019. Looking east from Via del Foro. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. April 2019. Looking east from Via del Foro. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2010.  Looking east from Via del Foro.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2010.  Looking east from Via del Foro. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. July 2012. Looking east towards Temple of Fortuna. Photo courtesy of John Vanko. His father took the identical photo in February 1952, see below.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. July 2012. Looking east towards Temple of Fortuna.

Photo courtesy of John Vanko. His father took the identical photo in February 1952, see below.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. February 1952. Looking east towards Temple of Fortuna. Photo courtesy of John Vanko. His father took this photo in 1952, identical to the one above.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. February 1952. Looking east towards Temple of Fortuna.

Photo courtesy of John Vanko. His father took this photo in 1952, identical to the one above.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2010. Looking east from Via del Foro. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.
Two small staircases of four steps led up from the via on each end. These led to a platform and were on either side of a rectangular altar.
After this platform, another nine steps led up to the pronaos or entrance hall to the temple. 
These steps were all found in a ruined state, but the ones on the left had been restored by the time Breton wrote in 1870.
Originally this podium would have had four white marble Corinthian columns across its façade, together with another column and pillar behind on either side.
Three capitals from these columns have been found, together with other architectural elements all in white marble.
See Breton, Ernest. 1870. Pompeia, Guide de visite a Pompei, 3rd ed. Paris, Guerin.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2010. Looking east from Via del Foro. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

Two small staircases of four steps led up from the via on each end. These led to a platform and were on either side of a rectangular altar.

After this platform, another nine steps led up to the pronaos or entrance hall to the temple.

These steps were all found in a ruined state, but the ones on the left had been restored by the time Breton wrote in 1870.

Originally this podium would have had four white marble Corinthian columns across its façade, together with another column and pillar behind on either side.

Three capitals from these columns have been found, together with other architectural elements all in white marble.

See Breton, Ernest. 1870. Pompeia, Guide de visite a Pompei, 3rd ed. Paris, Guerin.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. 1959. Looking east from Via del Foro. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J59f0520

VII.4.1 Pompeii. 1959. Looking east from Via del Foro. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J59f0520

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2017. Looking east on Via del Foro. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2017. Looking east on Via del Foro. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. September 2005.  Entrance on Via del Foro.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. September 2005. Entrance on Via del Foro.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii, 8th August 1976. Looking east towards entrance on Via del Foro. 
Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer, from Dr George Fay’s slides collection.

VII.4.1 Pompeii, 8th August 1976. Looking east towards entrance on Via del Foro.

Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer, from Dr George Fay’s slides collection.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. 4th December 1971. Looking east towards upper podium. 
Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer, from Dr.George Fay’s slides collection.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. 4th December 1971. Looking east towards upper podium.

Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer, from Dr George Fay’s slides collection.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. April 2013. Corinthian capital on top of upper podium. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. April 2013. Corinthian capital on top of upper podium. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. April 2013. Corinthian capitals on top of upper podium. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. April 2013. Corinthian capitals on top of upper podium. Photo courtesy of Klaus Heese.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2018. Steps and podium at north end. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.
According to Niccolini, All the space of the plinth that protrudes forward from the closed base had an iron latticework, the remains of which can still be seen surround this space, and one entered through two gates.
See Niccolini F, 1854. Le case ed i monumenti di Pompei: Volume Primo. Napoli, Tempio della Fortuna, Tav. I, p. 2.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2018. Steps and podium at north end. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

According to Niccolini, All the space of the plinth that protrudes forward from the closed base had an iron latticework, the remains of which can still be seen surround this space, and one entered through two gates.

See Niccolini F, 1854. Le case ed i monumenti di Pompei: Volume Primo. Napoli, Tempio della Fortuna, Tav. I, p. 2.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2018. Detail showing remains of iron latticework on south end of podium, near steps at south end.
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2018. Detail showing remains of iron latticework on south end of podium, near steps at south end.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2018. Detail of ironwork on top of steps. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2018. Detail of ironwork on top of steps. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2015.  At the top of the left-hand steps would have been an iron gate on the right. 
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2015.  At the top of the left-hand steps would have been an iron gate on the right.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2018. Looking east to the centre of the podium between the steps. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2018. Looking east to the centre of the podium between the steps. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. June 2019. Looking east to detail of centre of the podium between the steps. This would have had an iron fence around its edges. 
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. June 2019. Looking east to detail of centre of the podium between the steps. This would have had an iron fence around its edges.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2018. Detail from top of podium at north end of centre. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2018. Detail from top of podium at north end of centre. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2018. Detail from centre of podium. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VII.4.1 Pompeii. May 2018. Detail from centre of podium. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

 

Part 2

 

 

 

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Ultimo aggiornamento - Last updated: 06-Mar-2021 14:21