PompeiiinPictures

Pompeii. Arches.

 

This page shows the locations of all the arches in Pompeii. All these arches are honorific and not triumphal.

 

The names that have been attributed are very varied and can be confusing.

The names we have used are based on most common usage and those used by the Soprintendenza.

 

According to John Dobbins “While the arches are early imperial, their precise dates, the date of removal of the one, and the individuals to whom they were dedicated are unknown”.

Please click on one of the links to go to the page for that arch.

 

The Arches button in the menu on every page will always bring you back here.

 

Pompeii Arches

Arch

Other Names*

Location

Link to arch

Augustus Arco di Druso, figlio di Tiberio [Spano and Sogliano] North west corner of the Forum at the south west corner of the Temple of Jupiter Arch of Augustus
Caligula
Arch of Tiberius or Caligula or Augustus [Gell];

Arch of C. Caesar Augustus and castellum aquae [Fiorelli]

Arch of Nero [Mau]

Arch of Mercurio [after street location]

[but according to Katherine E Welch, the statue on which the naming as Caligula is based is probably Marcus Tullius who donated the adjacent Temple of Fortuna.]

Between VI.8 SE and VI.10 SW Crossroads of Via di Mercurio and Via delle Terme, Via della Fortuna and Via del Foro Arch of Caligula
Nero
This arch may be the one now in the NE and that it was at some time moved northwards to its present position. [SANP, Nappo**]

North east corner of the Forum at the south east corner of the Temple of Jupiter Arch of Nero
Tiberius?
Arco di Nerone [Garucci]

Arch of Nero Caesar (son of Germanicus) [Mommsen]

Arco di Tiberio [Mau]

Arco di Germanico e dei suo figli Druso e Nerone [Spano and Sogliano]

North east corner entrance to the Forum, north of the Arch of Nero and south of the Arch of Caligula Arch of Tiberius?
Arched Entrance  
North-west corner entrance to the Forum

Arched Entrance
Arched monument for Augustus statue?
One of four monuments for the imperial family, probably the pedestal for a colossal statue of Augustus.

The other bases nearby were for statues of Claudius, Agrippina and Nero. [Mau]

Midway along the south end of the Forum Arched monument
Marcus Holconius Rufus Statue inscribed with his name found here Via dell' Abbondanza at junction with Via Stabiana, near the Stabian Baths. Arch of Marcus Holconius Rufus

 

 

 * See Van der Poel, H. B., 1983. Corpus Topographicum Pompeianum, Part II. Austin: University of Texas.

**See Nappo, S., 1998. Pompeii: Guide to the lost City.  London: Weidenfield and Nicolson. p. 104.

 

Arch attributed to Augustus

The Arch of Augustus is located in the north west corner of the Forum at the south west corner of the Temple of Jupiter.

 

Arch attributed to Caligula

The Arch of Caligula is located at the crossroads of Via di Mercurio and Via delle Terme, Via della Fortuna and Via del Foro.

 

Arch attributed to Nero

The site of the Arch of Nero (now demolished) is located in the north east corner of the Forum at the south east corner of the Temple of Jupiter.

 

Arch of Tiberius

This arch is the north east corner entrance to the Forum. It is north of the Arch of Nero and south of the Arch of Caligula.

 

Arched Entrance in North West Corner of Forum

This arched doorway is one of two entrances at the north west corner of the Forum.

 

Arched monument [for a statue of Augustus?] at south end of Forum

This arched monument, which may be a base for a statue of Augustus, is a small arch located midway along the south end of the Forum and has three other monument bases nearby.

 

Arch of Marcus Holconius Rufus

This is a Tetrapylon arch with remains of four pillars each with a statue base. It is located on the Via dell'Abbondanza at its junction with the Via Stabiana.

The names we have used.

The individuals to whom the arches were dedicated are unknown. The names that have been attributed over time have been very varied and can be confusing. For clarity, the names we have used are based on most common usage and those used by the Soprintendenza. On the web site of the Soprintendenza it states:

 

"Archi Onorari: - In opera laterizia, un tempo rivestiti in marmo, chiudono scenograficamente il Foro a Nord, a celebrare la famiglia imperiale. Dei due eretti ai lati del tempio di Giove quello ad Ovest è attribuito ad Augusto, quello ad Est a Nerone, abbattuto forse dopo la morte (68 d.C.) e condanna dell'imperatore ovvero per non ostruire la vista dell'altro arco retrostante, all'ingresso Nord del Foro. Questo presenta su una fronte due nicchie, che accoglievano statue di Nerone e Druso, sull'altra due fontane: una statua equestre (forse dell'imperatore Tiberio) sormontava quest'arco. L'altro arco, posto sullo sfondo all'inizio di via di Mercurio, è detto di Caligola, perché nelle vicinanze fu trovata una statua equestre, forse raffigurante l'imperatore Caligola, che probabilmente era collocata sull'arco."

 

The Soprintendenza says the arches are honorific [i. e. not triumphal].

The arch in the SW corner of the temple is the Arch of Augustus.

In the SE corner of the temple was the Arch of Nero, this latter being removed perhaps after the death and sentencing of Nero in 68AD (the senate had declared him a Public Enemy) or perhaps to improve the view of the other arches behind. According to John Dobbins, the arch was “removed in antiquity and the places where its piers were located  were filled in with limestone paving slabs in a pattern that identifies the location of the arch”.

See Dobbins, J. J. and Foss, P. W., 2008. The World of Pompeii. Oxford: Routledge, p. 160.

 

The one immediately behind this was possibly surmounted by an equestrian statue of the Emperor Tiberius, with niches for statues of Drusus and Nero, and fountains on the other side.

 

Behind that was the arch attributed to Caligula, because of a statue possibly resembling him that was found in the vicinity.

 

 

 

 

The low resolution pictures on this site are copyright © of Jackie and Bob Dunn and MAY NOT IN ANY CIRCUMSTANCES BE USED FOR GAIN OR REWARD COMMERCIALLY. On concession of the Ministero dei Beni e delle Attività Culturali e del Turismo - Parco Archeologico di Pompei. It is declared that no reproduction or duplication can be considered legitimate without the written authorization of the Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

Le immagini fotografiche a bassa risoluzione pubblicate su questo web site sono copyright © di Jackie e Bob Dunn E NON POSSONO ESSERE UTILIZZATE, IN ALCUNA CIRCOSTANZA, PER GUADAGNO O RICOMPENSA COMMERCIALMENTE. Su concessione del Ministero dei Beni e delle Attività Culturali e del Turismo - Parco Archeologico di Pompei. Si comunica che nessun riproduzione o duplicazione può considerarsi legittimo senza l'autorizzazione scritta del Parco Archeologico di Pompei.

Ultimo aggiornamento - Last updated: 27-Oct-2018 16:12