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Stabiae, Villa San Marco.

Excavated 1749 to 1754, 1950s, 2011. Restored 2011 to 2012.

 

Part:    1     2     3     4     5     6     7     8     9    10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   Plan

 

The Villa San Marco, with its surface area of 11,000 square meters, is among the largest Roman residential villas in the Vesuvian area and is located on the Hill of Varano in a splendid panoramic position.

 

First excavated in 1749 – 1754, it was further excavated in the 1950s by Libero d’Orsi, in co-operation with the Soprintendenza.

Stratigraphic excavation 2011 in the northern section of the Villa. See http://www.fastionline.org/docs/FOLDER-it-2012-259.pdf

Most of the structure was shaken during the November 1980 earthquake, and the peristyle of the villa was severely damaged.

Further restoration and protection took place in 2011 to 2012, covering and protecting the atrium, the kitchen, the frigidarium, the corridors, the upper and lower peristyle, the environments surrounding the oecus, restoring it to its state as before the 1980 earthquake.  

The completion of restoration works has also allowed resumption of access through the main entrance built in the 1950s at Villa San Marco.  

For a detailed study of the villa, see Barbet A., Miniero P., (a cura di), 1999. La Villa San Marco a Stabia. Napoli, Roma e Pompei: Centre Jean Bérard; École Française de Rome; and SAP.

 

We first photographed the villa on a cold, wet and dark December 2006 afternoon, in the midst of a storm.

Our visit to the villa, in its elevated position, with the thunder and lightning flashing all around and on Vesuvius and other mountains was a thought-provoking experience.

We apologise for the quality of some of these photographs.

 

We greatly appreciate the photographs from the Jashemski Archives, Michael Binns, Buzz Ferebee and Nando Calabrese which enable us to give a more complete record.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae. Excavation plan. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
Jmit0139

Villa San Marco, Stabiae. Excavation plan. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

Jmit0139

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae. Earlier excavation plan. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
Jmit0131

Villa San Marco, Stabiae. Earlier excavation plan. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

Jmit0131

 

Portico on east side.

 

Castellammare di Stabia, Villa San Marco, July 2010. Looking north. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns. According to Keppie, this is a peristyle garden which would have been on the east of the atrium and tablinum. Some elements originally exposed in the eighteenth century are being gradually opened up again. See Keppie, L. (2009). The Romans on the Bay of Naples: an archaeological guide. The History Press, Stroud, Glos. (p.148-9). See Terpstra T, The 2011 Field season preliminary Report at http://www.fastionline.org/docs/FOLDER-it-2012-259.pdf

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, July 2010. Looking north.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

According to Keppie, this is a peristyle garden which would have been on the east of the atrium and tablinum.

Some elements originally exposed in the eighteenth century are being gradually opened up again.

See Keppie, L. (2009). The Romans on the Bay of Naples: an archaeological guide. The History Press, Stroud, Glos. (p. 148-9).

See Terpstra T, The 2011 Field season preliminary Report at http://www.fastionline.org/docs/FOLDER-it-2012-259.pdf

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, July 2010. North-west corner of peristyle garden at east end of villa. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns. According to Terpstra et al, this is one of three triangular shaped rooms, the largest two both being latrines. This, the smallest and most westerly, had its walls and floor lined with hydraulic plaster. It seems to have served as a cistern, although it has one window, which was possibly a later architectural addition. See Terpstra T, The 2011 Field season preliminary Report at http://www.fastionline.org/docs/FOLDER-it-2012-259.pdf

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, July 2010.

North-west corner of peristyle garden at east end of villa. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

According to Terpstra et al, this is one of three triangular shaped rooms, the largest two both being latrines.

This, the smallest and most westerly, had its walls and floor lined with hydraulic plaster.

It seems to have served as a cistern, although it has one window, which was possibly a later architectural addition.

See Terpstra T, The 2011 Field season preliminary Report at http://www.fastionline.org/docs/FOLDER-it-2012-259.pdf

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Looking from south-east corner of room 48, towards front portico on east side of Villa. This is into the smallest and most westerly of the three rooms on the north side of the peristyle garden at east end of the Villa.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015.

Looking from south-east corner of room 48, towards front portico on east side of Villa.

This is into the smallest and most westerly of the three rooms on the north side of the peristyle garden at east end of the Villa.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. From room 48, small room on north side of front portico.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015.

From room 48, into a small room on north side of front portico.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. From room 48, looking towards remaining plaster on wall of small room.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015.

From room 48, looking towards remaining plaster on wall of small room.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. From room 48, looking out towards front portico and peristyle on east side of Villa.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015.

From room 48, through the small room, looking out towards front portico and peristyle on east side of Villa.

 

Castellammare di Stabia, Villa San Marco, July 2010. Looking north-east along south side. The small rooms along this side, are still incompletely excavated, and still filled almost entirely with lapilli. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns. It is thought that the main entrance from the street which is still buried, originally gave onto this courtyard with a portico. The entrance would be in the centre of the photo, at the east end. This courtyard would have led to the tablinum and atrium, from its western end.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, July 2010. Looking north-east along south side.

The small rooms along this side, are still incompletely excavated, and still filled almost entirely with lapilli.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

It is thought that the main entrance from the street which is still buried, originally gave onto this courtyard with a portico.

The entrance would be in the centre of the photo, at the east end.

This courtyard would have led to the tablinum and atrium, from its western end.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, July 2010. North-east end of villa, looking across porticoed courtyard towards doorway to latrine. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, July 2010.

North-east end of villa, looking across porticoed courtyard towards doorway to latrine.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Castellammare di Stabia, Villa San Marco, July 2010. Looking north-east along south side towards unexcavated area. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, July 2010.

Looking north-east along south side towards unexcavated area.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Looking from tablinum along the south side of outer structure with rooms around the eastern peristyle.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015.

Looking from tablinum along the south side of outer structure with rooms around the eastern peristyle.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Looking east from tablinum across a peristyle towards the main gateway of the Villa.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015.

Looking east from tablinum across a peristyle towards the main gateway of the Villa.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Looking east from tablinum across a peristyle towards the main gateway of the Villa.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015.

Looking east from tablinum across a peristyle towards the main gateway of the Villa.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Looking east from tablinum towards the main gateway to the Villa.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Looking east from tablinum towards the main gateway to the Villa.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Looking from tablinum along the north side of outer structure with rooms around the eastern peristyle.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015.

Looking from tablinum along the north side of outer structure with rooms around the eastern peristyle.

 

Room 56, Entrance and vestibule.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Entrance doorway.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Entrance doorway.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Looking north through entrance doorway towards vestibule and atrium.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Looking north through entrance doorway towards vestibule and atrium.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Entrance doorway, threshold.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Entrance doorway, threshold.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, July 2010. Entrance doorway. Doorway into vestibule 56, and atrium room 44.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, July 2010. Entrance doorway.

Doorway into vestibule 56, and atrium room 44.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, 1968. Entrance doorway. Doorway into vestibule 56, and atrium room 44. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J68f1917

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, 1968. Entrance doorway.

Doorway into vestibule 56, and atrium room 44.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J68f1917

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, c.1960’s (probably 1968). Entrance doorway.
Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.  Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. Jmit0138

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, c.1960’s (probably 1968). Entrance doorway.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.  Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

Jmit0138

 

Room 44, atrium.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 44, looking towards west wall of atrium.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 44, looking towards west wall of atrium.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 44, looking towards north-west corner of atrium.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 44, looking towards north-west corner of atrium.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 44, looking towards north-east corner of atrium.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 44, looking towards north-east corner of atrium.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 44, looking towards east wall of atrium.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 44, looking towards east wall of atrium.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 44, looking towards south side of atrium, with entrance doorway.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 44, looking towards south side of atrium, with entrance doorway.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, 1961. Room 44, south side of atrium, looking towards entrance doorway, not yet fully excavated.  Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. Jmit0092

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, 1961. Room 44, south side of atrium, looking towards entrance doorway, not yet fully excavated. 

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

Jmit0092

 

Room 59, tablinum.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 59, looking east across tablinum.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 59, looking east across tablinum.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, December 2006. Room 59, looking east into tablinum, not yet fully excavated at rear.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, December 2006. Room 59, looking east into tablinum, not yet fully excavated at rear.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 59/44, mosaic threshold and floor of tablinum, centre, mosaic floor of atrium, lower.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015.

Room 59/44, mosaic threshold and floor of tablinum, centre, mosaic floor of atrium, lower.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 59, detail of mosaic threshold.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 59, detail of mosaic threshold.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 59, mosaic threshold and floor.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 59, mosaic threshold and floor.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 59, looking east from tablinum.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 59, looking east from tablinum.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 59, north wall.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 59, north wall.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 59, south wall.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 59, south wall.

Room 59a, corridor.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 59a, doorway to corridor on the south side of the tablinum.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015.

Room 59a, doorway to corridor on the south side of the tablinum.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 59a, north wall.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 59a, north wall.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 59a, south wall.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 59a, south wall.

 

Room 55, stairs.

 

Castellammare di Stabia, Villa San Marco, December 2006. Room 44, east corner of atrium, with steps to upper floor and doorway to room 61.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, December 2006.

Room 44, south-east corner of atrium, with corridor 59a on left, steps 55 to upper floor (centre left) and doorway to room 61 (on right).

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 44, east wall in south-east corner.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 44, east wall in south-east corner.

 

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 44, detail of painted face from east wall in south-east corner.

Villa San Marco, Stabiae, September 2015. Room 44, detail of painted face from east wall in south-east corner.

 

Part:    1     2     3     4     5     6     7     8     9    10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   Plan