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IX.1.20 Pompeii. House of M. Epidius Rufus or House of Diadumeni.

Linked to IX.1.30. Excavated 1858 and 1866. Bombed in 1943, restored by 1946.

Part 1.                               Part 2

 

Part 3      Part 4      Part 5      Part 6      Part 7      Part 8      Room Plan (opens in a separate window)

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii.    Entrance and podium on Via dell’Abbondanza, looking west.  Photographed 1970-79 by Günther Einhorn, picture courtesy of his son Ralf Einhorn.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. Entrance and podium on Via dell’Abbondanza, looking west.

Photographed 1970-79 by Günther Einhorn, picture courtesy of his son Ralf Einhorn.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. 1964. Looking west along entrance podium. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
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IX.1.20 Pompeii. 1964. Looking west along entrance podium. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J64f1063

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. 1959. Entrance and podium on Via dell’Abbondanza, looking west. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J59f0342

IX.1.20 Pompeii. 1959. Entrance and podium on Via dell’Abbondanza, looking west.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J59f0342

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii.  September 2004.  Entrance and podium.
For graffiti found on the wall between IX.1.19 and IX.1.20, see IX.1.19

IX.1.20 Pompeii. September 2004. Entrance and podium.

For graffiti found on the wall between IX.1.19 and IX.1.20, see IX.1.19

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. Stereoview by R. Rive, c.1860 -1870s, showing painted graffiti on pilaster between IX.1.19 and IX.1.20, together with decorated front façade before 1943 bombing.
Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.
According to CIL IV, the painted recommendation, found in March 1858, was

M. EPIDIVM
SABINVM
II VIR IVR DIC O V F DIGNVM  IVVENEM
SVEDIVS  CLEMENS  SANCTISSIMVS
IVDEX  FACIT  VICINIS  ROGANTIBVS

According to Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss/Slaby (See www.manfredclauss.de) this expands to

M(arcum) Epidium
Sabinum
IIvir(um) iur(e) dic(undo) o(ro) v(os) f(aciatis) dignum iuvenem
Suedius Clemens sanctissimus
iudex facit vicinis rogantibus      [CIL IV 1059]

According to Cooley, this translates as
We beg you to elect Marcus Epidius Sabinus duumvir with judicial power,
a worthy young man. Suedius Clemens, most venerable judge, elects him at
the request of his neighbours.
See Cooley, A. and M.G.L., 2004. Pompeii: A Sourcebook. London: Routledge, p. 136, F114.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. Stereoview by R. Rive, c.1860 -1870s, showing painted graffiti on pilaster between IX.1.19 and IX.1.20, together with decorated front façade before 1943 bombing.

Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

According to CIL IV, the painted recommendation, found in March 1858, was

 

M. EPIDIVM

SABINVM

II VIR IVR DIC O V F DIGNVM  IVVENEM

SVEDIVS  CLEMENS  SANCTISSIMVS

IVDEX  FACIT  VICINIS  ROGANTIBVS

 

According to Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss/Slaby (See www.manfredclauss.de) this expands to

 

M(arcum) Epidium

Sabinum

IIvir(um) iur(e) dic(undo) o(ro) v(os) f(aciatis) dignum iuvenem

Suedius Clemens sanctissimus

iudex facit vicinis rogantibus      [CIL IV 1059]

 

According to Cooley, this translates as

We beg you to elect Marcus Epidius Sabinus duumvir with judicial power,

a worthy young man. Suedius Clemens, most venerable judge, elects him at

the request of his neighbours.

See Cooley, A. and M.G.L., 2004. Pompeii: A Sourcebook. London: Routledge, p. 136, F114.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. House capitals being stored in Temple of Mercury. Old undated photograph courtesy of the Society of Antiquaries, Fox Collection. The lower capital is from the entrance of IX.1.20.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. House capitals being stored in Temple of Mercury.

Old undated photograph courtesy of the Society of Antiquaries, Fox Collection.

The lower capital is from the entrance of IX.1.20.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2006. Capital with motifs of Dionysus, from the entrance. Now in storage in VII.7.29. See Gallo, A., 2006, in Polis. Studi interdisciplinari sul mondo antico, Volume 2.  Roma: L’Erma. (p. 181, fig.16)

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2006. Capital with attributes of Dionysus, from the entrance. Now in storage in VII.7.29.

See Gallo, A., 2006, in Polis. Studi interdisciplinari sul mondo antico, Volume 2.  Roma: L’Erma. (p. 181, fig.16)

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2006. Capital with motifs of Dionysus, from the entrance. Now in storage in VII.7.29.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2006.

Capital with attributes of Dionysus, from the entrance. Now in storage in VII.7.29.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii.  December 2006.  Podium looking east along Via dell’ Abbondanza.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2006. Podium looking east along Via dell’ Abbondanza.

 

230932 Bestand-D-DAI-ROM-W.0332.jpg
IX.1.20 Pompeii. W.332. Looking east along podium towards entrance doorway on Via dell’Abbondanza. 
Photo by Tatiana Warscher. With kind permission of DAI Rome, whose copyright it remains. 
See http://arachne.uni-koeln.de/item/marbilderbestand/230932

IX.1.20 Pompeii. W.332. Looking east along podium towards entrance doorway on Via dell’Abbondanza.

Photo by Tatiana Warscher. With kind permission of DAI Rome, whose copyright it remains.

See http://arachne.uni-koeln.de/item/marbilderbestand/230932

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii.  December 2006.  Podium looking west along Via dell’ Abbondanza.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2006. Podium looking west along Via dell’ Abbondanza.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii.  December 2007.  Room 1.  Small lobby on east side of the fauces.  A small door allowed entry when the house door was closed and which made an alcove when it was opened.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2007. Room 1, small lobby on east side of the fauces.

A small door allowed entry when the house door was closed and which made an alcove when it was opened.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii.  December 2007.  Marble sill at entrance.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2007. Marble sill at entrance.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2007. Room 2, atrium. Tufa columns, impluvium, rim and basin floor. Atrium with 16 Doric columns around impluvium.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2007. Room 2, atrium. Tufa columns, impluvium, rim and basin floor.

Atrium with 16 Doric columns around impluvium.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. c.1943-6. Room 2, atrium. Bomb damage.
According to Garcia y Garcia, this house was one of the most savagely damaged during one of the allied air raids in September 1943.
The great Corinthian atrium, hit in its centre in the middle of the impluvium, was completely annihilated, with the destruction of the impluvium and the cutting down of the sixteen tufa Doric columns.
The bombing also caused the demolition of the façade wall towards the Via dell’Abbondanza, including the fauces and the neighbouring rooms.
With the immediate restoration and by saving every little snippet, the columns were reconstructed, but it was only possible to restore a fraction of the facade.
See Garcia y Garcia, L., 2006. Danni di guerra a Pompei. Rome: L’Erma di Bretschneider. (p.149-50)
Photo courtesy of British School at Rome Digital Collections.
See http://www.bsrdigitalcollections.it/details.aspx?ID=5609&ST=SS

IX.1.20 Pompeii. c.1943-6. Room 2, atrium. Bomb damage.

According to Garcia y Garcia, this house was one of the most savagely damaged during one of the allied air raids in September 1943.

The great Corinthian atrium, hit in its centre in the middle of the impluvium, was completely annihilated, with the destruction of the impluvium and the cutting down of the sixteen tufa Doric columns.

The bombing also caused the demolition of the façade wall towards the Via dell’Abbondanza, including the fauces and the neighbouring rooms.

With the immediate restoration and by saving every little snippet, the columns were reconstructed, but it was only possible to restore a fraction of the facade.

See Garcia y Garcia, L., 2006. Danni di guerra a Pompei. Rome: L’Erma di Bretschneider. (p.149-50)

Photo courtesy of British School at Rome Digital Collections.

See http://www.bsrdigitalcollections.it/details.aspx?ID=5609&ST=SS

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii.  Atrium from entrance.  Photographed 1970-79 by Günther Einhorn, picture courtesy of his son Ralf Einhorn.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. Atrium from entrance. 

Photographed 1970-79 by Günther Einhorn, picture courtesy of his son Ralf Einhorn.

 

IX.1.20Pompeii. 1966. Room 2, looking north across impluvium.  Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
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IX.1.20 Pompeii. 1966. Room 2, looking north across impluvium. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0466

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. 1966. Room 2, looking north across atrium. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J66f0296

IX.1.20 Pompeii. 1966. Room 2, looking north across atrium.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J66f0296

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. 1957. Looking north across impluvium in atrium. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J57f0102

IX.1.20 Pompeii. 1957. Looking north across impluvium in atrium.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J57f0102

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. 1940. Looking north into atrium. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. 1940. Looking north into atrium. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

231564 Bestand-D-DAI-ROM-W.0333.jpg
IX.1.20 Pompeii. W.333. Looking north across atrium.
Photo by Tatiana Warscher. With kind permission of DAI Rome, whose copyright it remains. 
See http://arachne.uni-koeln.de/item/marbilderbestand/231564

IX.1.20 Pompeii. W.333. Looking north across atrium.

Photo by Tatiana Warscher. With kind permission of DAI Rome, whose copyright it remains.

See http://arachne.uni-koeln.de/item/marbilderbestand/231564

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. Old undated photograph by Amodio, numbered 2999 in an album dated c.1873. Looking north across atrium. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. Old undated photograph by Amodio, numbered 2999 in an album dated c.1873.

Looking north across atrium. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii.  December 2006.  Atrium and rooms 5 and 6 on east side.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2006. Atrium and rooms 5 and 6 on east side.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii.  December 2004.  Room 2.  Atrium and rooms on west side.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2004. Room 2, atrium and rooms on west side.

 

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2007. Room 2, atrium. Looking south-east across impluvium towards doorway to room 3, centre right.

IX.1.20 Pompeii. December 2007. Room 2, atrium.

Looking south-east across impluvium towards doorway to room 3, centre right.

 

Part 2

 

Part 3      Part 4      Part 5      Part 6      Part 7      Part 8      Room Plan (opens in a separate window)